How are SIDS and Sleeping Position Related?
Want to know the single most important thing you can do to keep your baby safe while sleeping? Change his sleeping position!
What if he’s sick? Or sleeps better on his stomach?
This article will tell you how sleeping position is related to SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome) and give you tips on how to get your tummy or side sleeper comfortably back sleeping all night.
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Babies that sleep on their backs have a 50% reduced risk of dying from SIDS compared to stomach and side sleeping position.
This makes back sleeping the single most important action that parents can take to keep their baby safe while sleeping.
The first research in favor of back sleeping came out of New Zealand decades ago. Since then a multitude of studies around the world all show the same results: back sleeping is safest!
We don’t yet know exactly why back sleeping has such a lower risk of SIDS compared to sleeping on the stomach.
It is known that babies sleep deeper on their tummies. But this also puts them at risk of missing protective signals to wake in the early months. Babies often sleep lighter when lying on their backs, but that’s exactly what keeps them safe!
Many parents are concerned that their baby might choke if he vomits while lying on his back.
The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) assures us that there has not been an increase in choking deaths since back sleeping became recommended over 20 years ago.
They also say the danger of side sleeping is that babies often roll from their sides onto their stomachs. A young baby that isn’t yet rolling independently may not be able to reposition himself into a safer sleep position.
Items that are marketed as sleep products, like wedges or sleep positioners are not recommended because they can entrap your baby.
That’s exactly the point.
According to NICHD, tummy sleepers are less reactive to noise, move around less and experience longer bouts of deep sleep compared to back sleepers.
Sounds like a parent’s dream right? The problem is that since it takes more to rouse stomach sleepers, they may miss protective and instinctive signals to wake.
Here’s how to help your baby sleep well on his back:
Swaddle your baby
For babies that aren’t yet rolling, swaddling is very soothing and often leads to long sleep stretches. That’s because it mimics the tightness of mom’s womb, which was safe and cosy for nine months.
Swaddling also prevents jerky arms and legs from waking your baby. Many of my clients report that their babies slept much better after transitioning to the Miracle Blanket or SwaddleMe.
Give your baby boundaries
If your baby is used to sleeping on her stomach (or on your chest) then she’s used to feeling the boundaries of her sleep space. Placing her in the middle of the crib, on her back, means she suddenly can’t feel any boundaries. This can feel unsettling, almost like she’s floating in the ocean!
If your young baby isn’t yet rolling, have her sleep in a bassinet (on her back.) This small and cosy sleep space provides an easier transition for your little one. When she moves around she’ll feel the sides of the bassinet, helping her relax and sleep well.
If your baby is already rolling, have him sleep in a crib. But rather than placing him in the middle of the crib, place him so his feet touch the end. That way he can feel some of the boundaries of his sleep space.
And obviously remove mobiles, stuffed animals and extra blankets from the bed.
Offer a pacifier
Sucking is a natural soother for babies and studies show that pacifier use decreases risk of SIDS. Once breastfeeding is established, pacifier use should not compromise a healthy breastfeeding relationship. If you’re breastfeeding, you can try the MAM brand pacifier which resembles the shape of mom’s nipple.
Play white noise
White noise has been proven to help people of all ages sleep deeper and longer. It’s especially useful for babies because it resembles the sounds from in utero life. Remember, the womb was a loud, tight space. So playing white noise and swaddling your baby will remind him of the womb, helping him relax and sleep well!
White noise also blocks out sudden environmental noises that might wake your baby, like a barking dog or older sibling. You can use a free app or buy a sound machine. Just make sure you use the white (or pink) noise option. Consistent ambient noise works best. Settings like “waves” or “rain” provide inconsistent sound, which could distract from your baby from deep sleep.
Use age-appropriate sleep tips
In addition to swaddling your baby in the bassinet (or crib) while playing white noise and offering a pacifier- you also need to follow age-appropriate sleep tips. Sometimes all it takes is adjusting your baby’s awake times or tweaking bedtime to help your little one start sleeping better.
My sleep guides below are filled with advice to help your young baby sleep better.
First, ask this question to your baby’s doctor to get advice for your specific baby.
In general, once babies are rolling independently from stomach to back (and vice versa) you don’t need to worry about rolling in the night. If your baby is able to get himself into (and out of) a new sleep position, it’s ok to leave him. This milestone usually happens around 6-7 months old.
But, you should still place your baby to sleep on his back at the beginning of each sleep until 12 months old.
The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia states that babies that have a cold or flu are at a slightly higher risk of SIDS, so it is especially important that they sleep on their backs while ill. You may find it comforting to sleep in the same room as your baby during this time.
The NICHD warns that babies who normally sleep on their backs are at a higher risk of SIDS when placed on their stomachs.
You should let all of your baby’s caregivers know about the importance of the back sleeping position.